Tag Archives: W3C

Thoughts on Books in Browsers V (pt 2)

More Poetic Musings on #BiB14

(continued from earlier post)

Here are my notes on the talks, more for my own future reference than for anything else. The two talks I’ll summarize today, unlike most others, are not available on YouTube. To skip straight to my interpretations, go to TL;DR .

Dave Cramer of Hachette and the CSS Working Group: “Books and the New CSS”

(read an abstract of his talk)

I’d be remiss not to mention the hero’s work showcased by Dave Cramer at #BiB14, even though his talk isn’t available on-line. I could hardly do better than Iris Amelia’s sketches of the event, anyhow:

Dave, a member of the CSS Working Group, gave attendees a showcase of things that are (or will be) possible when CSS support expands to more screens, platforms, and devices. As others have done, he used a public-domain work to keep the focus on the formatting. Check this out:

slide from Dave Cramer's presentation, showing two columns of text in a browser

Dave Cramer has some nice CSS pagination.

If memory serves, Dave made this pagination, complete with running recto/verso headers, using just HTML/CSS. He’s displaying it in a Web browser, true to the Books in Browsers theme of the conference.

How about reflowing text around objects while maintaining pagination and headers?

slide from Dave Cramer's presentation, showing text reflow around illustrations in a browser

Everything gets better with whales.

Implicit in Dave’s presentation and slides was a full-throated defense of the page as an organizing concept, even for reflowable text.

Two quotes stood out, for different reasons:

“I’m the only thing that stands between you and lunch.” It had little to do with Books in Browsers, but Dave’s opening statement was a nice touch of humility and humor. It also communicated clearly his alignment with the very streamlined format of the Books in Browsers talks: Stay focused, say a lot, get off stage on time.

“Art forms advance not by forgetting the past, but by reimagining and building on it.” Even at a conference about digitizing books, attendees will encounter moments where they feel discomfort about rapid change. It was nice to have a reminder that the new need not replace the old. That is, after all, a central issue I face when I think about how ancient poems and modern E-readers can coexist. Continue reading

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A Poetry E-book’s Quest for Validation

Before we split our E-book’s .html file into chapters, let’s run it past the W3C’s Validator.

Okay, okay, terrible joke. But the idea is sound, and important. This is an HTML5 document, styled using a now external CSS2 style sheet. (Someday, maybe, I’ll code the style sheet in CSS3, but don’t hold your breath.) It will become an E-book during Step 5, but for now, it’s a Web page. In fact, you can even go see it live on the Web:
Yellow Buick Review with External CSS
Yellow Buick Review “Apricot” .css file

Before we split this book into chapters, we should check to be sure that our code is correct. You find spelling errors in your documents with a a spell checker, and you find code errors in your E-books with a validator. To do that, you use the World Wide Web Consortium’s (W3C’s) Validation Service. There is a validator built into Adobe Dreamweaver, but all it does is ask the W3C’s Validation Service for an opinion. I’ll get exactly the same information using the Website.

I’ll do three things:

  1. Test my HTML code against the markup validator.
  2. Test my CSS code against the CSS validator.
  3. Fix any real errors that the validators point out. (Just as with spellcheckers, not all errors will be “real.”)

Continue reading

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Filed under Testing and Uploading